Second-generation (2G) Bio-Ethanol category is produced from a variety of feedstocks, with a strong emphasis on non-edible lignocellulosic biomass. 2G ethanol is derived from sources such as agricultural residues, by-products, organic wastes, and, most notably, materials like woody biomass, grasses, and various waste materials. Additionally, they can be produced from biodegradable components found in municipal and industrial waste streams.
Transportation Fuel: Like 1G bio-ethanol, 2G bio-ethanol can be used as an alternative to gasoline in the transportation sector.
Industrial and Chemical Uses: 2G bio-ethanol can be used as a feedstock in various industrial and chemical processes. It can be used to produce chemicals, plastics, and other materials.
Electricity Generation: It can be used as a biofuel in power plants to generate electricity, similar to 1G bio-ethanol. Combined heat and power (CHP) systems can also benefit from this renewable energy source.
Bioplastics and Biochemicals: 2G bio-ethanol can be used in the production of bioplastics and various biochemicals, reducing the environmental impact of plastic production and chemical manufacturing.